During our cross-country whirl-wind train tour of Switzerland, we only had the time (and energy) for a quick train layover in Bern, but it was more than enough time to start falling in love with the gorgeous and historic city. The city was established sometime during the 12th century by Berchthold V, a local Duke, who named it after a bear he killed in the nearby forest. Which is nice and all, but maybe he could have just left the poor bear alone in the first place. The city was largely destroyed by a fire in 1405 and rebuilt in sandstone, allowing for its current cohesive style. Today, the entire city is a UNESCO World Heritage site and is also the federal capital of Switzerland.